There are several reasons for pain in the body, but a common source of pain is due to nerve root impingement, or radiculopathy. Radiculopathy blocks the flow of motor impulses so that the organs and tissues are deprived of input, causing abnormal function.
This is often caused by the paraspinal muscles being in a contracted or shortened state. If they are left in a contracted state, one consequence is the bones they are attached to are pulled out of symmetry. This asymmetry leads to all sorts of compensation patterns and unnatural strain on the body.
The contracted muscles stretch and thicken the tendons they are attached to cause inflammation. These tendons, which connect muscles to bones cause stress on the joints, pulling them out of place and in the process they pinch the nerves.
Not only can this cause pain along the nerve, but it increases the stress of the sympathetic nervous system, which can have negative consequences throughout the body since nerve roots influence all the organs as well.
For example, as you can see in the chart, the nerve roots of the upper back affect vision, salivatory glands needed for digestion, the lungs, and heart. Nerve roots in the mid back affect the stomach, the liver, gallbladder, and the digestive system. The kidneys, bladder, and reproductive organs are affected by nerves coming from the lower back.
A solution to the many problems stemming from nerve root impingement is to release these tight paraspinal muscles at the nerve roots along the spinal column with Microcurrent Point Stimulation Therapy and then mobilize the joints, muscles and connective tissue with Manual Osteopathic techniques.